The Walt Disney Corporation, in a letter to Greenpeace in 2003, said that “the Walt Disney Company is always concerned with quality and safety”.
Greenpeace decided to test that statement, so – as part of their campaign to show how dangerous chemicals are out of control, turning up in house dust, in household products, food, rain water, in our clothes……and ultimately in our bodies – they decided to test Disney’s childrenswear for the presence of toxic chemicals.
Disney garments, including T-shirts, pajamas and underwear, were bought in retail outlets in 19 different countries around the world and analyzed by the independent laboratory Eurofins, an international group of companies which provides testing, certification and consulting on the quality and safety of products and one of the largest scientific testing laboratories in the world.
Greenpeace asked Eurofins to test the Disney childrenswear for:
2. Alkylphenol ethoxylates
We don’t have the space to fill you in on why each of these six chemicals is of grave concern, but please believe us – they’re not good. Any one of these chemicals can interfere with a child’s neurological development, for example, or can set the path for a cascade of health problems as they age.
This is what they found:
1. Phthalates: Found in all the garments tested, from 1.4 mg/kg to 200,000 mg/kg – or more than 20% of the weight of the sample.
2. Alkylphenol ethoxylates: Found in all the garments tested, in levels ranging from 34.1 mg/kg to 1,700 mg/kg
3. Organotins: found in 9 of the 16 products tested; the Donald Duck T shirt from The Netherlands had 474 micrograms/kg
4. Lead: Found in all the products tested, ranging from 0.14 mg/kg to 2,600 mg/kg for a Princess T shirt from Canada. With Denmark’s new laws on the use, marketing and manufacture of lead and products containing lead, the Princess T shirt from Canada would be illegal on the Danish market. Canada has set a limit of 600 mg/kg for children’s jewelry containing lead – why not Disney T shirts?
5. Cadmiun: Identified in 14 of the 18 products tested, ranging from 0.0069 mg/kg in the Finding Nemo T shirt bought in the UK to 38 mg/kg in the Belgian Mickey Mouse T shirt.
6. Formaldehyde: Found in 8 of the 15 products tested for this chemical in levels ranging from 23 mg/kg to 1,100 mg/kg.
One sample stands out: a German Winnie the Pooh PVC raincoat. This contained an astounding 320,000 mg/kg of total phthalates, or 32% by weight of the raincoat! This raincoat also contained 1,129 micrograms/kg organotins.
Greenpeace urged Disney to take responsibility for avoiding or substituting harmful chemicals in their products and to demand that their licensees implement a chemical policy that protects children’s heath. Disney reacted by stating that their products are in line with the law. The only action taken was to put labels on some products with a warning that those clothes contain toxic chemicals – but only in the UK (which has more stringent laws regarding chemical use than does the US), and only on a few items. Greenpeace Toxics Campaigner Oliver Knowles said, “”Their complete disregard for children’s health smacks of a Mickey Mouse company, and it’s now down to us to let the public know that these pyjamas contain dangerous chemicals.
“Perhaps it would be more apt if Buzz Lightyear’s catchphrase became “To infertility and beyond!”
SAFbaby.com has asked a variety of children’s clothing companies whether their clothing contained formaldehyde. Disney responded that they comply with all Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) regulations. But (as SAFbaby commented): CPSC has NO regulations set for formaldehyde levels, so that reply was not helpful to us in the slightest. We are not impressed with their follow up response to us.
Disney’s refusal to be pro active in insisting their suppliers phase out hazardous substances demonstrates why voluntary initiatives don’t work. We support Greenpeace in asking that legislation to require mandatory substitution of hazardous chemicals with safer alternatives be put in place.
Read the Greenpeace report on Disney’s childrenswear here.